Feng Shui Institute
|Qi Men Dun Jia|
What is Dunjia?
Qi Men Dun Jia (or Qimendunjia) is one of the three most powerful divination methods, the other two being --Tai Yee and Liu Ren. These divination methods are used to discern both good and bad luck in relation to time and space (direction). Tai Yee is used to divine events that affect societies, such as earthquake, weather effects like hurricanes, massacres, natural disasters, etc. Qi Men is generally used for military action but, can be applied to competitive environments in making the right strategic decision in ever-changing situations. Liu Ren is mostly used for divining general daily events that affect our own daily lives.
Qi usually means mysterious or strange, but in this context it means valuable or holy. Men means a gate, and Dun means hidden or escaped (to make hidden). Jia is the first of the ten Heavenly stems and is considered the most sacred in this method.
These three oracles use very special charts to divine and give conclusions. They all use Heavenly stems, Earthly branches, He Tu, Luo Shu, Eight Trigrams, Emblematic elements and divine number, etc. and most of these principles are explained below.
Dunjia can be divided into Year School Dunjia, Month School Dunjia, Day School Dunjia and Time School Dunjia in terms of time. In terms of reasoning methods it should be divided into Line-Up Palace Dunjia and Jump-in-Palace Dunjia.
Here we introduce Time School and Line-Up Palace Dunjia
|People may ask when, how and why Dunjia came into practice. Nowadays many people believe Dunjia originated from military arrangements on the battle field and such statements have gained wide approval in scholarly circles. In the ancient book "The Song from Old Fishing Man" carried the following story: Emperor XuanYuan fought a fierce battle with Shi You for many years. In a dream he dreamt Heaven gave him an oracle and XuanYuan then paid his respects upon a sacrificial platform and practised such arts which soon brought success. He ordered his military man Feng Hou to write down these arts and this was the beginning of Dunjia.|
The popularity of this method spread far and wide from the late Spring and Autumn to the Warring States period - a time when many states fought endless battles to expand their territories. Also Sun Zi's book The Art of War carried similar information concerning the theory of Dunjia. Yet, most people didn't understand the exact meaning until now.
In Three-kingdom Times the famous military counsellor Zhu Ge Liang applied Eight Trigram or Ba Gua Arrangement on the battle field and won huge success. As a result, the book the "Three Kingdoms" is necessary reading for intelligence experts and politicians around the world.
In Dun Jia (or Dunjia) theory, we use a kind of direction chart called Pan, this is drawn as a square and then divided into nine blocks ( 3 x 3. eight directions plus the centre ).
In each directional block, one of the eight gates is positioned. We put away Jia (because of its holiness) and use the other nine stems to put them into Dun Jia Pan chart at first, and after several process of making, Jia comes into the Pan chart from one of the eight gates. And that's why this method is called Qi Men Dun Jia. Later due to the wide application of Dunjia this divination approach gradually broke its own boundary and gained application in health diagnosis, business decisions, agricultural divination, etc.
Why is Dunjia used for Divination?Any divination process, whatever forms they assume, are models set up to imitate the social society, nature and the universe, etc. Dunjia is a mathematical and physical model set up to incorporate Heavenly, Earth, Human and unexpected aspects, as well as time and space or directional elements.
There are nine basic Yang Dun Ju and nine Yin Dun Ju which produce a dynamic unified model to imitate all transformations and changes experienced in life. Therefore it can be used to divine for society, nature, individual life time or all which is unknown to Man. By calculation we know there are altogether 216,000 Jus and ancient Chinese people hoped that 216,000 Jus can cover most situations in this practical world.
One of the most typical characteristics of Dunjia was that in ancient times, those who used Dunjia tried to keep it top-secret, they subsequently suppressed Dunjia-masters to prevent Dunjia- secrets leaking to the enemies of the governors. Many Dunjia-masters were arrested, but they'd never made the secret of Dunjia clear. That is until now.
How to calculate the chart
1. Heavenly Stems, Earthly Branches, Nine Palaces and Eight Trigrams- Basic Background
1-1. Heavenly Stems
Most people are familiar with the Heavenly Stems, which are Jia, Yi, Bing, Ding, Wu, Ji, Geng, Xin, Ren and Gui. For Western people, may find it difficult to understand the meaning and to remember them. In fact, ten Heavenly Stems have close connection with the movements of sun. It was heard that Heavenly Stems and Earthly Branches were created by Da Nao, a very mysterious figure in ancient China. The following list has the general meaning of the Ten Heavenly Stems:
1-2. Earthly Branches
Earthly Branches have close connection with the movements of moon. They are described as follows
1-3. Orientation for the Heavenly Stems and Earthly Branches
1-4. Application of the ten Heavenly Stems in Dunjia
Besides the time meaning represented by the ten Heavenly Stems, each Heavenly Stem has hidden meanings, which denote military forces, operations or officers. So, Jia denotes the general who often hides in the military force arrangements. On account of this, this system is called Dunjia - -Dun means hidden in Chinese, Jia indicates the first Heavenly Stem Jia. Yi, Bing and Ding are often called Three Wonders. In fact, they are three important assistant commanders close to the general. In a modern military framework, they are similar to the headquarters, policy department and logistical department. Sometimes we can understand them as the following: Yi is the idea man, Bing is the general's bodyguard, and Ding is the logistic officer.
Sometimes we can regard these three as reinforcements that often appear suddenly.
Wu, Ji, Geng, Xin, Ren and Gui are six detachments (We call Liu Yi), each holding
up flag of a different colour.
So, ancient Chinese people regard sixty years as one cycle. In one cycle Jia
should appear six times, they are Jia-Zi, Jia-Xu, Jia-Shen, Jia-Wu, Jia-Chen
and Jia-Yin. In them the Jia-Zi is the general, the other five are commanders.
The six military officers should hide themselves each under a different flag
and they should not change in any way.
1-5. Nine Palaces and Eight Trigrams
The Nine Palaces is the Luo Shu chart shown below.
4, 9, 2,
For easy memory, we often recite them as: 9 up on the head and 1 down under my feet, left 3 and right 7, 4 and 2 on my shoulder, 8 and 6 are my feet. Correspondingly, the congenital Eight Trigrams occupy different palaces.
1-6. San Qi
San Qi means three high-valued wonderful commanders or enforcers, they consist of Sun wonder), (Moon wonder) and (Star wonder).
1-7 Liu Yi
Wu, Ji, Geng, Xin, Ren and Gui are six detachments (We call Liu Yi), each holding
up flag of different colour, under which six Jia-Zi, Jia-Xu, Jia-Shen, Jia-Wu,
Jia-Chen and Jia-Yin hide them.
It consists of Wu, Ji, Geng, Xin, Ren and Gui
The Arrangement of San Qi and Liu Yi in Nine Palaces 2 - 1.
San Qi and Liu Yi, nine in total, will fall into nine palaces in a succession. They are Wu, Ji, Geng, Xin, Ren, Gui, Ding, Bing and Yi. Among them Wu, Ji, Geng, Xin, Ren and Gui have one Jia general or one of the five Jia commanders hiding under it-- they are Jia-Zi, Jia-Xu, Jia-Shen, Jia-Wu, Jia Chen and Jia-Yin. When Jia-Zi falls into one palace (for example, No. 4 palace) in a Yang Dun Ju, we call it is a No. 4 Yang Du Ju.
2 - 2. Ju
Ju means situation. A Dunjia calendar, has cyclical numbers for the year, month, day and hour. For example, the Ju number for February 2, 1996 was 9. This is the Yang Dun Ju and at this time it falls in the No. 9 palace. It is essential that people consult the Dunjia calendar to know whether a day is either a Yang Dun Ju or Yin Dun Ju and what the Ju number is for this period.
2 - 3. Yin Dun and Yang Dun
There are two motions of heavenly Qi, namely Yin Dun and Yang Dun. Both are concerned with the movement of the Earth around the sun. The Yin Dun period is from the summer solstice to the winter solstice and this is when Yin qi is born and becomes stronger day by day. Yang Dun is a period from the winter solstice to the next summer solstice and this is when Yang energy increases.
This circulation of energy concerned with time can be understood as the revolution of earth like following:
Ju Shu ( situation numbers ) consists of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9. The cyclical numbers descend during Yin Dun period, like following:
= 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1
These ascend during the Yang Dun period
= 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
2 - 4. General Pattern for Earthly Disk
NOTES: Here the above numbers are placed in the nine palaces. There are 18 Jus in total, one Ju for every five days. There are nine Yang Dun Jus and nine Yin Dun Jus.
2 - 5. Heavenly Disk
The Earthly Disk referred to above with the arrangement of Liu Yi and Three Wonders in nine palaces, is not enough as this only concerns matter, which is changed by astral influences over time. In ancient China, people held that all things are changed by Heaven, earth and the effect of man. The Heavenly Disk therefore represents this influence coming from above, via the electromagnetic spectrum. There are altogether nine stars, each represents a different influence, here we call them Zhi Fu. Please read the following chart:
Please see below for an explanation of these nine stars:
2 - 6. Human Disk
Human disk means the eight Gates which summarise all possible influence from human beings.
2 - 7. Guard Disk
There are altogether 8 Guards used in Dunjia, which summarise the possible influence by mysterious aspect or celestial powers. We call them Zhi Shi . In Yang Dun Ju the eight Guards will line up in the following sequence::
The eight Guards will line up in the following sequence in Yin Dun Ju:
The following gives an explanation as to the influence of each Guard:
3 - 1. How to Set Up One Ju?
On 20th August 2000 a person dropped in for a reading. The time was 4:10PM.
A. The First Step:
To use this method you must learn the basic methods used for finding the Heavenly Stem and Earthly Branch for a particular day as this is essential for Dunjia divination. You should consult a Chinese lunar calendar to find the Heavenly Stem and Earthly Branch for 20th August 2000. The result will be: Xin-Si (Metal Snake) year, Bing-Shen (Fire Monkey) month, Yi-Mou (Wood Rabbit) day. Then we should get to know the Heavenly Stem and Earthly Branch of the time 4:10PM. It is Jia-Shen (Wood Monkey) .
So, we get the result of Xin-Si (Metal Snake) year, Bing-Shen (Fire Monkey) month, Yi-Mou (Wood Rabbit) day and Jia-Shen (Wood Monkey) hour.
B. The Second Step:
Before progressing to this step, you must become familiar with what is knows as the 24 solar terms or seasons, of the Chinese calendar, as this is an ancient way of plotting how nature changes throughout a year. However, the process of global warming has modified these dates somewhat, so you should therefore consult a Chinese calendar before proceeding with this method.
By looking over the twenty-four solar terms we know that this date falls in the term of Li Chun "Beginning of Autumn". Beginning of Autumn is divided into three duration's: upper period, middle period and lower period, each lasting 5 days. August 20, 2000 is within the middle period and the beginning mark of the middle period is August 19, 2000, this was a Jia-Yin day. For these three periods, we should use the cyclical numbers of 2,5 and 8 Ju, Yin Dun. Accordingly we know August 20, 2000 is number 5 Yin Dun Ju.
C. The Third Step:
Now we should proceed to arrange San Qi and Liu Yi in the nine palaces. As this date falls within the Yin Dun Ju we should choose the number sequence of 9,8,7,6,5,4,3,2,1 when we arrange San Qi and Liu Yi. Because it is number 5 Yin Dun Ju we should first place Jia-Zi, the general, in the number 5 palace. Jia-Zi is hiding under Wu detachment, therefore we just write down Wu in the number 5 palace. Then Ji in number 4 palace, Geng in number 3 palace, Xin in number 2 palace, Ren in number 1 palace, Gui in number 9 palace, Ding in number 8 palace, Bing in number 7 palace, Yi in number 6 palace. Please see the following figure which shows the Earthly Disk.
D. The Fourth Step:
You next need to learn how to find the Zhi Fu and Zhi
Shi, then arrange all Heavenly stars and eight Gates in the nine palace.
E. The Fifth Step:
Now we should arrange the Heavenly stars in their regular sequence which is: Tian-Peng , Tian-Ren, Tian- Chong, Tian-Fu, Tian-Ying, Tian- Rui and Tian-Qin --are always together in the same palace--Tian-Zhu, Tian-Xin . They always line up in a clockwise sequence. Because it is Jia-Shen time which hides under the Liu Yi Geng we should place Tian-Chong at Geng). Please see below how the Heavenly Stars are arranged.
F. The Sixth Step:
Now we should learn how to arrange eight Gates in nine palaces.
Clumsy gate (du)
Prospect gate (jing)
Death gate (si)
Injury gate (shang)
Surprise gate (jing)
Birth gate (sheng)
Rest gate (xiu)
Relax gate (kai)
We have just finished setting up one Ju based upon the time, day, month and year when the person arrived for divination. There are other arrangements of Ju settings but here we generally adopt the most popular time-school Dunjia. Next you have to analyze such Ju.
To understand the results from the reading people should know the layered meaning of each sign used in one Ju and the results of their interaction, we list a couple of examples of this below. In each palace there are also the Earthly, Heavenly and Human disks with the Eight Guards, which summarize the possible influence that can affect a situation. In ancient China, people held the viewpoint that human beings are an integral part of nature. With mankind Nature is a complete entity. They also held that nature has its own pulse which beats continuously, just like a human being. Similarly ancient Chinese doctore could diagnose a problem hidden in the body just by feeling the pulse. Yet, how do we feel the pulse of nature? And is it possible to do that?
Dunjia methods provide one tool for feeling the pulse of nature and from this we can discover something hidden in it. In fact, the Heavenly Stems and Earthly Branches provide the very basic foundation for this to become true. The pulse of nature can show up in so many different ways and that is why Dunjia can offer so many useful tips when people wish to know so many different things.
So, for the proper analysis of one Ju we have to know the meaning of each element residing in the nine palaces. This will be covered in a new correspondence course soon to be published, depending on your interest in this system. So if you would like to take this course please register your interest now by emailing Alan and we will forward details to you when the course is ready.
Have you registered for this course? Just email us and we will send you details as soon as this course is ready. As the Feng Shui Institute is an international resource site for Feng Shui and Chinese Astrology we thank our friends at Traditional Chinese DaMo Qigong for supplying information from their site.
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